This project is about the problems cotton farmers in India are facing due to GM cotton seeds (Bt cotton) flooding the market. GM seeds are genetically modified seeds and BT is the type of insecticide in the seeds that kills the bollworm, an insect that devours the cotton plant.
India is the 2nd largest producer of cotton in the world. Since 1995 there have been over 270,000 suicides amongst cotton farmers. With crippling increases in input costs, a low minimum support price from the Government, heavily subsidized US cotton – which has flooded the global market bringing prices down. Add to that the impact of climate change, and the result: Indian cotton farmers are now involved in the largest wave of suicides in history.